Colombo – Cultural Capital of Sri Lanka

Colombo is the former capital of Sri Lanka. Nowadays it is the commercial centre and the largest city in the country. Colombo has the colourful culture and traditions. There are also many historical and architectural landmarks in the city. The tourist infrastructure is well-developed with good beaches.

Beaches in Colombo

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The city is also a large harbour that is why water is not as clean in the centre as in the suburbs.

Mount Lavinia is one of the most popular beaches in the city. The entry is free if you order a meal in the local cafe or restaurant. The sea is calm and clean here. Mostly, families with children prefer to rest on this beach.

Negombo Beach is also a popular place. The atmosphere is very calm here, however, there are many activities like windsurfing, diving and fishing on this beach.

Kalutara Beach has beautiful golden sand. It is a favourite place of the locals that is why there are many people here during weekends. The tourist infrastructure is well-developed here.

Beruwala Beach is situated a little bit far from the centre of the city. However, it is the most picturesque beach in Colombo. This place is perfect for kids because the sea is very calm here.

Attractions and places of interest


Usually, people start to explore the city from the Colombo Fort. This is a historical district with the colonial architecture. Nowadays historical buildings exist along with the modern skyscrapers.

Much of the old buildings of the fort area and in other parts of the city date back to the British times, these include governmental, commercial buildings and private houses. Some of the notable government building of British colonial architecture includes: the old Parliament building which is now the Presidential Secretariat, the Republic Building which houses the Ministry of Foreign affairs, but once housed the Ceylon Legislative council, the General Treasury Building, the old General Post Office and the Prime Minister’s Office.

There are also many religious buildings in the city.

Jami Ul-Alfar Mosque was recognized as the landmark of Colombo by sailors approaching the port. The mosque is still one of the most visited tourist sites in the city. Also, the travellers visit Gangaramaya Buddhist Temple and St. Anthony Church.

If you like museums, you should visit National Museum of Colombo, Colombo Dutch Museum, Art Gallery in Green Path and the Natural History Museum.

Viharamahadevi Park is a very impressive place. This is an old large park with the beautiful greenery. There is also a mini-zoo and a playground on the territory of the park so you can come here with children.

Holiday weather

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Colombo experiences a tropical monsoon climate, so the weather does not change a lot during a year. From March to April the average high temperature is around +31 °C. The only major change in the Colombo weather occurs during the monsoon seasons from May to August and October to January. This is the time of year where heavy rains can be expected.