Lima is a capital city of Peru. Its historical centre belongs to UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Lima was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro. It became the capital and most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. Following the Peruvian War of Independence, it became the capital of the Republic of Peru. The city is home to one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in the New World. The National University of San Marcos.
Attractions and places of interest
There are many places of interest especially historical landmarks in the city. First of all, you should visit the historical centre.
Historic Centre of Lima
Start your excursion from the Main Square of the city. Here you will find the Monument of Pizarro drowning in the fragrant greenery. Then you should take a walk along the narrow streets with numerous architectural landmarks. The examples of colonial architecture include the Monastery of San Francisco, the Plaza Mayor, the Cathedral, Convent of Santo Domingo and the Palace of Torre Tagle.
A tour of the city’s churches is a popular circuit. A trip through the central district visits churches dating from the XVI and XVII centuries, the most noteworthy of which are the Cathedral and the Monastery of San Francisco. Both contain paintings, Sevillian tile and sculpted wood furnishings.
Monastery of San Francisco is a soul of Lima. The church and convent are part of the Historic Centre of the city. Aside from a church and monastery it also contains a library and catacombs. In this church, Jude the Apostle is venerated. At the feast of Saint Jude Tadeus, a one and a half ton weighing silver stand are carried round in procession by 40 people, starting from the convent.
Also notable is the Sanctuary of Las Nazarenas, the point of origin for the Lord of Miracles, whose festivities in the month of October constitute the city’s most important religious event. Some sections of the Walls remain and are frequented by tourists. These examples of medieval Spanish fortifications were built to defend the city from attacks by pirates and privateers.
This is the most romantic and bohemian district, being the home and working place of many of Peru’s leading artists, musicians, designers and photographers. In the XIX century, it was a very fashionable beach resort for the Limeño aristocracy, and many people used to spend the summer here and in neighbouring Chorrillos. Today, Barranco’s beaches are among the most popular within the worldwide surfing community, and a marina completed in 2008 provides state-of-the-art services for its yacht club.
Barranco has many houses in the colonial and Republican style, flower-filled parks and streets, and appealing beachfront areas. There are many interesting museums in this district.
Lima is a home to the country’s highest concentration of museums, most notably the Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia del Perú, Museum of Art, the Museo Pedro de Osma, the Museum of Natural History, the Museum of the Nation, The Sala Museo Oro del Perú Larcomar, the Museum of Italian Art the Museum of Gold and the Larco Museum. These museums focus on art, pre-Columbian cultures, natural history, science and religion. The Museum of Italian Art shows European art.
Like in any large city there is an active nightlife in Lima. There are many casinos, discos, nightclubs and bars. Shopping centre Larcomar is famous for the best discos in the city. Also, there are many good restaurants in Lima: Rosa Nautica, Huaca Pucllana, Astrid & Gaston.
Holiday Weather in Lima
The city experiences a mild desert climate with subtropical temperature ranges. Therefore, the average daily temperature is +17 °C during summer and autumn months and +22 °C during winter and spring. Rainfall occurs very rarely, so the whole greenery in the city needs human help. However, the weather is very humid. High humidity produces brief morning fog in the early summer and a usually persistent low cloud deck during the winter.
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